Repeatedly Failed to Protect Residents and Workers from Asbestos Exposure: March 13, 2014
The owner of a Kent, Washington apartment complex and his company, were sentenced in U.S. District Court in Seattle for violating the Clean Air Act by exposing residents and workers to airborne asbestos, announced U.S. Attorney Jenny A. Durkan. STANLEY XU, 53, was sentenced to 15 months in prison, 90 days of home confinement and ordered to make a $75,000 community service payment to the National Environmental Education Foundation. XU’s company, LONGWELL COMPANY, was fined to $159,850 and placed on five years of probation to ensure it complies with all environmental regulations.
The defendants pleaded guilty in October 2013 for failing to protect residents of the Avante Apartments in Kent from asbestos exposure following a pipe rupture in December 2009. XU knew the ceiling material that rained into the apartments contained asbestos, but still hired a clean-up contractor who took no steps to protect the apartment residents or workers hired to clean up and dispose of the hazardous waste.
At sentencing U.S. District Judge Thomas S. Zilly said this case concerned him “because of the terrible risks posed to people exposed to asbestos.” “Asbestos has killed scores of people in our country and the rules are meant to protect against its dangers. Mr. Xu and his company were well aware of the regulations surrounding clean-up and disposal of asbestos contamination, and chose instead to put his tenants and workers at risk,” said U.S. Attorney Jenny A. Durkan. “Not only had Xu and his company been cited by the state before, he had obtained bids from qualified asbestos contractors; but to put money in his pocket, he instead hired someone on the cheap. Now he pays a hefty price.”
According to records filed in the case, in 2006 the Environmental Protection Agency filed complaints against XU for lead paint contamination at another apartment complex he owns. In 2007, he was cited by the Washington State Department of Labor and Industries for failing to do an asbestos survey before construction work at another complex. At a hearing in November 2009, XU stated he understood the code and that popcorn ceiling material contains asbestos. Despite those statements, less than a month later when the pipes burst, he took no steps to ensure the asbestos material that fell into the apartments was disposed of properly. In fact, after XU’s guilty plea in October 2013, he again failed to protect tenants and workers from airborne asbestos during another apartment repair project. “Defendant Xu obstructed a federal investigation, potentially exposed workers and dozens of his tenants, including young families, to harmful asbestos fibers and repeatedly failed to follow the law,” said Tyler Amon, Special Agent in Charge with EPA’s Criminal Investigation Division. “Because there’s no safe level of asbestos exposure, business owners who knowingly put others at risk should expect tenacious prosecution.”In asking that XU be sentenced to a prison term, prosecutors explained how the apartment residents were put at risk. “These tenants included families with young children, pregnant mothers, minorities, and low-income individuals. According to interviews, many of the tenants were specifically told that they were required to clean this asbestos-containing debris from their belongings. The tenants spent long hours – with their children in tow – over the course of several weeks cleaning and literally shaking this debris from their items. The apartments, although initially damp, quickly dried out, creating a dusty environment inside.
“Defendant Xu obstructed a federal investigation, potentially exposed workers and dozens of his tenants, including young families, to harmful asbestos fibers and repeatedly failed to follow the law,” said Tyler Amon, Special Agent in Charge with EPA’s Criminal Investigation Division.
Several tenants reported that they or their children, some of whom already had asthma, experienced difficulty breathing during this time. They did all of this never knowing that this “dust” in their apartments likely contained asbestos fibers,” prosecutors wrote in their sentencing memo.The community service payment in this case goes to the National Environmental Education Foundation, a Congressionally mandated foundation established and dedicated to advancing environmental education. The case was investigated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Criminal Investigation Division. The case was prosecuted by Assistant United States Attorney Kathryn K. Frierson and Special Assistant United States Attorney Karla G. Perrin with the EPA.
September 24, 2013 Tae Jung (T.J.) Yoo was charged with violating 42 U.S.C. 7412 (h) and 7413 (c)(1).CITATION: 42 U.S.C. 7412 (h) September 27, 2013 Stanley Y. Xu and Longwell Company were charged with violating 42 U.S.C. 7412 (h) and 7413 (c)(1).October 15, 2013 Tae Jung (T.J.) Yoo pled guilty.October 21, 2013 Stanley Y. Xu and Longwell Company pled guilty.March 13, 2013 Stanley Y. Xu was sentenced to 18 months of incarceration and ordered to pay a $79,925 fine and $37,500 in restitution.Longwell Company was sentenced to 36 months of probation and ordered to pay a $79,925 fine and $37,000 in restitution.March 20, 2013 Tae Jung (T.J.) Yoo was sentenced to 6 months of incarceration and ordered to pay a $79,925 fine and $37,500 in restitution.
- Clean Air Act (CAA)